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1.
重庆市城市土地经济效益评价研究   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
根据土地利用指标选择的科学性、整体性、层次性、可操作性、动态性、前瞻性原则,分析我国城市发展的一般规律,结合重庆市的实际情况,以及指标数据的可获得性,选取投入类指标(A)、产出类指标(B)共2类8个指标(A1,A2,…,B4)构建了城市经济效益评价的指标体系,采用层次分析法,通过纵横向对比,对重庆城市土地的经济效益进行了深入分析,总结出重庆城市土地的经济效益总体水平低,波动较大,投入偏高影响了其经济效益及集约化水平不高等特点。  相似文献   
2.
南方丘陵地区农田氮素渗漏特征研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
农田氮肥的淋失是氮素损失的重要途径之一.在南方丘陵地区选择4种土地利用类型中6个农田地块进行为期1年的氮素渗漏试验,结果表明:(1)不同的土地利用类型的硝氮浓度变化趋势为春季种植季节后逐渐升高,在7-8月份达到最高,然后呈逐渐下降的趋势,呈低-高-低的变化趋势.氨氮浓度与硝氮浓度的消长规律相似,但变化规律不如硝氮浓度明显,时有起伏.(2)土壤中氮素渗漏的基本形态是硝氮,农田氮素的渗漏主要发生在4-8月份.(3)施肥对氮素渗漏量的影响非常显著.施肥量和施肥种类的不同,导致不同土地利用类型浅层地下水的硝氮和氨氮浓度差异较大.施肥量越大,其渗漏量也越大.主要施用碳氨品种化肥的土地利用,其渗漏水中硝氮浓度相对较高,氨氮浓度比较低,而施粗制有机肥的土地利用氨氮浓度表现较高.(4)对地下水位较高的土地利用农田渗漏水中氨氮浓度相对较高.适当的化肥施用量可以减少氮素淋失.  相似文献   
3.
论述了建立土地利用现状数据库信息系统的必要性,数据库的构成,数据库的空间数据的采集,最后以MapInfo为平台,建立开发了农村土地利用数据库信息管理系统.  相似文献   
4.
The eco-environmental frangibility is studied by choosing the factors of land use class change and vegetation cover rate, and the equation of eco-environmental frangibility and its evaluation system are established based on remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system technology (GIS). Four different years of TM images are selected to calculate land use change grads and vegetation cover rate, and the relationship between the two factors and eco-environment frangibility index are build, taking Fuzhou as an example. The character of times change and space distribution of eco-environment frangibility are described. The result indicates the area of eco-environment frangibility increased 2.6% in Fuzhou during twelve years, and expands from the region between infield and forest land to forest land in space distribution.  相似文献   
5.
In order to understand the effect of different land use on soil physics and nutrients properties of the debris flow bottomland, a case study at Daqing gully (in Xiaojiang Basin, Yunnan) was conducted in 2004. Soil samples were taken at depth of 0-10,10-20,20-40,40-60,60-80 cm under three land use patterns crop bottomland (CL), forest bottomland (FL), and barren bottomland(BL). The results showed that the developing bottomland to CL promoted soil toaccumulate total phosphorus (TP) and available phosphorus (AP), pH value transferred from neutral to alkalescency, and organic matter decreased significantly. Furthermore, the contents of total nitrogen (TN) and available nitrogen (AN) in CL were lower than that of FL and BL because the growth of crops consumed more nutrients in soil. The results also showed that the contents of TP, AP and available potassium (AK) in soil were positively correlated with soil particle.  相似文献   
6.
By constructing evaluation indicator system of sustainable land use of Tibet from three aspects of ecological environment, economic development, resources and social advancement, this article studies the following contents respectively in two dimensions of time and space: the changes of sustainable land use of Tibet in recent 20 years and spatial characteristics of sustainable land use of Tibet in 2002. The following conclusions can be drawn from evaluation results .① With regard to com- prehensive evaluation value of sustainable land use, the trend of Tibet sustainable land use evaluation values from 1983 to 2002 are very close to the comprehensive evaluation values of ecological environment, which is up trend; ② sustainable utilization degree of land use in eastern region of Tibet is much higher than that of western region. ③ the sustainable land use evaluation value of Nyingtri County is the highest, and the counties with relatively higher land sustainable use values include Lhasa, Lhoka, Chamdo. While Nakchu, Ngari, Shigatse counties have the relatively lower evaluation values; ④ By analyzing each evaluation indicator's weight on sustainable land use, it can be concluded that the key limiting factors of sustainable Tibet land resource utilization are land desertification, grassland degradation and low economic level.  相似文献   
7.
0IntroductionThe services of ecological systems and thenatural capital stocks that produce themare critical to the functioning of the Earth’slife-support system.They contribute to humanwelfare,both directly andindirectly,thereforeecosystemservices represent part of the totaleconomic value of the planet[1].Ecosystemservices can be divided into two major catego-ries,one is systemfunction and the other issystem services and goods provision,whichprovide not only materials such as food andmedicine…  相似文献   
8.
0Introduction Changesinsoilstructureoftenaccompanychangesinmanagementpracticesandmayaffecttheeffectivenessofthesepractices.Parametersareneededto quantifythesechanges.Sizedistributionsofsoilparticleandmicroaggregatehavebeenfoundtobeagood indicatorofchanges…  相似文献   
9.
In the case study in Agricultural Area of Tibet, the process and characteristics of farmers‘ land use were surveyed by semi-structural interview questionnaire. By comparing the change of land covers and farmers‘ land decision in two periods, the spatial connection of them was obtained. And the relations among farmers‘ land decision, land use change and environment were examined by calculating emergy and value flow. The results show that: hunting the maximal profits is the primary aim of farmers‘ land decisions farmers‘ land decision is incompatible with sustainable land use presently; farmers‘ land decision and land cover can be embodied spatially by each others the change of farmers‘ land decision can be monitored by observing the change of land cover, and the sustainability of farmers‘ land decision can be appraised by calculating emergy and value flow.  相似文献   
10.
Based on the collection of land use maps of three repre sentative years (1972, 1986 and 1995) with a scale of 1 = 100 000, which were derived from interpreted aerial photographs and field surveys, landscape pattern were studied in Wenchuan County of Aba Prefecture, northwest of Sichuan Province, China, Six land use categories were classified according to the actuality of the study area and digitized by manual with the assistance of Geographic Information System (GIS). Landscape spatial and temporal changes were analyzed quanti ficationally by a series of structure, shape, pattern indices, which indicated that grassland dominates in number of patch while both grassland and shrub-land dominate in total area of patch over time. During the last 23 years, the fractal dimension of grassland and shrub-land were decreased while the other types were increased. Highest dominance and fragmentation and lowest diversity characterized the landscape of 1972. In 1986, the landscape pattern had the highest diversity and lowest dominance and fragmentation, which is contrary to the pattern in 1972, Slight change of diversity, dominance and fragmentation has been displayed from 1986 to 1995.  相似文献   
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