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Wind stress fields with high temporal resolution over the North Pacific have been constructured by using ERS-1 scatterometer data. A simple objective analysis, a successive correction method, was used to construct the fields. Several necessary parameters used in the method are examined by a simulation based on the climatological data. The meridional decorrelation scale of the wind stress depends strongly on the season, while the zonal decorrelation scale is highly stable. We determined the decorrelation scale depending on the location and the time and applied to the successive correction method. The monthly mean field constructed by averaging the daily mean data is free from an aliasing error, which is a serious problem if a simple monthly averaging is applied. The daily wind stress data obtained in the present study represent small time- and spatial-scale variation and large amplitudes compared with data interpolated from simple monthly mean data. The satellite-derived data are also compared with in situ data obtained by meteorological buoys. The satellite wind speeds are lower than in situ wind speeds for every buoy. This underestimation is not due to the present objective analysis, but due to the original data, the ERS-1 Scatterometer Value-Added Product.  相似文献   
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渤海、黄海、东海AVHRR海表温度场的季节变化特征   总被引:24,自引:4,他引:20       下载免费PDF全文
1 前言海表温度场表征了海洋热力、动力过程和海洋与大气相互作用的综合结果 .它不仅是研究海面水汽和热量交换的一个重要物理参数 ,也为海洋环流、水团、海洋锋、上升流和海水混合等海洋学课题的研究提供一种直观的指示量 .2 0世纪 6 0年代以来 ,我国海洋工作者在历次海上观测和台站资料的基础上 ,对渤海、黄海、东海表层温度的空间分布和变化进行了较为详细的分析研究[1~ 4] ,并绘制了系列的水温气候图集 .这些研究成果对认识黄海、东海海域的平均海表温度场的分布、变化以及相关物理海洋现象的研究起到了重要的作用 .但是 ,受调查手段…  相似文献   
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A new method is presented to process and correct full-depth current velocity data obtained from a lowered acoustic Doppler current profiler (LADCP). The analysis shows that, except near the surface, the echo intensity of a reflected sound pulse is closely correlated with the magnitude of the difference in vertical shear of velocity between downcast and upcast, indicating an error in velocity shear. The present method features the use of echo intensity for the correction of velocity shear. The correction values are determined as to fit LADCP velocity to shipboard ADCP (SADCP) and LADCP bottom-tracked velocities. The method is as follows. Initially, a profile of velocity relative to the sea surface is obtained by integrating vertical shears of velocity after low-quality data are rejected. Second, the relative velocity is fitted to the velocity at 100–800 dbar measured by SADCP to obtain an “absolute” velocity profile. Third, the velocity shear is corrected using the relationship between the errors in velocity shears and echo intensity, in order to adjust the velocity at sea bottom to the bottom-tracked velocity measured by LADCP. Finally, the velocity profile is obtained from the SADCP-fitted velocity at depths less than 800 dbar and the corrected velocity shear at depths greater than 800 dbar. This method is valid for a full-depth LADCP cast throughout which the echo intensity is relatively high (greater than 75 dB in the present analysis). Although the processed velocity may include errors of 1–2 cm s−1, this method produced qualitatively good current structures in the Northeast Pacific Basin that were consistent with the deep current structures inferred from silicate distribution, and the averaged velocities were significantly different from those calculated by the Visbeck (2002) method.  相似文献   
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1 .IntroductionCoastalstructuresoftenencountersettlementandstabilityproblemsofsoftmarinefoundation (Liuetal.,1 999;Zhouetal.,2 0 0 0 ;Liuetal.,2 0 0 3) .Manyresearchershaveillustratedthatnaturalmarineclaysaregenerallysubjectedtotheeffectsofsoilstructureduringtheirdepositionalandpost depositionalprocesses (Zhangetal.,1 995;Hongetal.,2 0 0 3a ;2 0 0 3b) .Thesoilstructureofnat uralmarineclaysiseasilydamagedduringsamplingandhandlingbecausenaturalmarineclaysgeneral lyhavehighwatercontentandlowsti…  相似文献   
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本文对大气运动中垂直速度w计算中的几种校正方法作了分析比较,并在前人工作的基础上,对校正方法作了改进,提出了进行低通滤波、散度校正和法线风分量校正的方法。通过这些校正,使计算出的平均散度和垂直速度的垂直廓线能维持原计算曲线的形式,并能满足整个气层连续方程积分为零的条件,也符合误差随高度增大的情况。  相似文献   
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本文介绍一种简易的水位改正方法,减少了传统的水位改正方法中的计算工作量,可提高工效50×10-2;其精度相当于传统的逐点计算水位改正方法的精度。  相似文献   
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测深仪深水浅报现象的形成与自动纠正方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
简要介绍了容易被忽略的深水浅报现象的形成原因,通过分析深水浅报现象形成机理,确定了解决深水浅报现象的理论基础,提出了深水浅报实现自动纠正的方法。  相似文献   
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