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1.
邓克勇 《地质与勘探》2015,51(1):123-132
本文对贵州双山坪磷块岩的常量、微量和稀土元素地球化学特征进行分析研究,并探讨区内陡山沱组磷块岩的成磷环境和成磷物质来源。研究表明,磷块岩由内碎屑、陆源碎屑和填隙物等组成,以富含Ca O、P2O5和Si O2为特点。磷块岩中Ba含量高达4290×10-6,Sr含量高达984×10-6,表明磷块岩的形成与生物作用密切相关。磷块岩Sr/Ba=0.21~3.12,反映出沉积和热液混合成因的复杂成矿作用,U/Th=1.76~16.62,均大于1,反映出热水沉积物的特征。δU=1.68~1.96,均大于1,表明磷块岩形成于缺氧沉积环境。磷块岩稀土总量较高,经北美页岩标准化的稀土配分模式曲线接近水平,具有显著的轻稀土富集、重稀土亏损特征,LREE/HREE=3.21~6.55,显示轻重稀土分异程度较高。δEu=1.01~1.40,均大于1,呈明显的正异常。Ce anom=-0.097~0.045,均大于-0.1,进一步表明磷块岩形成于缺氧环境。La/Ce=0.44~0.53,均小于1,反映磷块岩形成过程中受到热水沉积作用的影响。综合分析认为,磷块岩形成过程中有生物作用的参与,磷块岩形成于潮坪-泻湖相的缺氧沉积环境,成磷物质主要来源于富磷海水的上升洋流以及海底喷发热水中的大量含磷物质。  相似文献   
2.
利用2009年贵州省矿产资源利用现状调查磷矿成果数据库,以核查块段为基础,通过块段品位和块段资源储量数据对全省磷矿核查矿区平均品位统计,掌握了全省核查矿区高中低品位磷矿石的分布,并对块段品位数据区间分段统计吨位频率,建立了寒武系磷矿层和震旦系磷矿层品位-吨位模型。统计结果表明,寒武系磷矿层的矿区平均品位总体较低,震旦系磷矿层矿区平均品位总体较高,全省磷矿吨位频率服从正态分布,寒武系磷矿层吨位峰值区间较窄,震旦系磷矿层吨位峰值区间较宽。综合研究表明,开阳-息烽片区和瓮安-福泉片区震旦系磷矿层高品位矿石资源储量多,矿石质量好,可作为全省磷矿资源开发利用布局的重点地区,铜仁-松桃片区和清镇-织金片区寒武系磷矿层品位低、贫矿石资源储量多,矿石质量差,应加强低品位矿石和贫矿石的选矿技术研究。  相似文献   
3.
贵州织金新华含稀土磷矿床产于早寒武世梅树村阶底部含磷岩系中(上磷矿层),磷矿伴生的稀土REO含量达333.45×10-6~974.15×10-6,平均640×10-6,为含稀土磷块岩沉积矿床。通过对新华含稀土磷矿矿床的成矿地质背景、地质特征的研究,从岩相古地理、生物成矿基本特征、稀土元素物质来源、成矿作用、成矿模式等矿床成因进行的探讨,初步认为织金新华含稀土磷矿床严格受地层、岩相古地理的控制。  相似文献   
4.
北山及邻区各微地块上分布有震旦纪—早寒武世沉积岩系,寒武系底部发育含磷层,震旦系中见大致可对比的冰碛岩(3层),暗示各微地块当时可能是一个统一大陆块的组成部分。下寒武统双鹰山组薄层状大理岩、灰岩为浅海或滨海相环境产物;中上寒武统西双鹰山组青灰色硅质岩夹有薄层状灰岩,为深海相化学沉积产物,意味着早寒武世为北山古生代洋盆开启时限下限。泥盆纪三个井组不整合于寒武、奥陶纪之上,三个井组显示前陆盆地特征,花岗岩"线-面-点"产出形态可能代表俯冲-碰撞-碰撞后造山期地质记录。因此,早泥盆世为北山古生代洋盆闭合时限上限。  相似文献   
5.
The weathering of phosphorus-bearing mineral powder(PBMP) and calcium phosphate(CP) by Aspergillus niger was compared,and the mechanism involved was analyzed for the comprehensive utilization of PBMP.The concentration of water-soluble phosphorus(WSP),Mg2+,and Ca2+at different culture times,microstructures of particles,and mineral compositions was examined by ultraviolet-visible spectrometer(UV),atomic absorption spectrometry(AAS),scanning electron microscopy(SEM),and X-ray diffraction(XRD).Results showed that the change in the concentrations of WSP,Mg2+,and Ca2+were related to the growth of A.niger and the different mineral compositions.Compared with CP,PBMP was weathered harder by fungi.Traces of the weathered mineral were found through SEM.CP not only showed traces of erosion damage but also appeared as a rhombohedron-like substance.The XRD test indicated that the weathering minerals can form water calcium oxalate.Further analysis revealed that the mechanism of PBMP and CP weathering by A.niger was the collaborative result of mycelium biomechanical effects and the acid-soluble role of acidic metabolites.The phosphorus dissolution rate of PBMP after 20 d was 46.83%,whereas that of CP after 12 d was 91.01%.The findings of this study are significant to the effective use of waste PBMP and to the exploitation of low-grade phosphate rock resources.  相似文献   
6.
通过对河北丰宁招兵沟铁磷矿浮选选磷工艺7年的生产实践总结,对原矿石性质,浮选粒度、浓度,浮选泡沫层动态,浮选机充气量,浮选温度,浮选水质等影响因素分别进行探讨和研究,找出影响浮选工艺的因素,为选矿厂生产提供依据。  相似文献   
7.
新华磷矿床是我国重要的富集稀土元素的沉积型含稀土磷块岩矿床,本文利用电感耦合等离子体质谱/光谱法(ICP-MS/AES),辅以岩矿鉴定等分析技术,结合沉积学理论研究了新华磷块岩稀土元素地球化学特征及相关问题。结果表明,新华磷块岩稀土总量(∑REEs)较高,集中值介于800×10-6~1200×10-6,其组成属轻稀土+钇型,稀土元素主要以类质同象形式存在于胶磷矿中;新华磷块岩和昆阳磷块岩具相似的REEs配分曲线和明显铈负异常,δCe介于0.28~0.36,表明上扬子区南缘成磷环境为氧化条件,且为稳定的滨浅海被动大陆边缘沉积环境;但新华磷块岩与其上覆黑色岩系REEs配分曲线迥异,后者表现出不明显的铈、铕异常,说明黑色岩系主要形成于深海-半深海静水还原环境,从梅树村期早期至晚期经历了海平面升高的过程,地层层序整体显示向上变深的沉积相变,磷块岩和黑色岩系之间的接触面可能为三级层序甚至更小层序级别的界面。这些沉积学的认识揭示了上扬子区下寒武统层序地层学意义和海相沉积环境特征,对华南早寒武世生命大爆发和层序地层学深入研究提供了证据。  相似文献   
8.
何钦  阳传金  闫磊  等 《地质学刊》2015,39(4):584-591
湖北宜昌—兴神磷矿成矿时期为新元古代震旦纪陡山沱期,主要工业矿层为中磷层二矿层(Ph22)和下磷层三矿层(Ph31),二者自北西向南东均呈带状展布,大致平行排列。由南向北,主矿带由Ph31转变为Ph22,间接验证了海侵方向。根据已发现磷矿区的分布,结合正在工作的兴神保地区,从构造环境、含矿岩系、矿石自然类型等方面探讨了宜昌—兴神磷矿田由南向北、由浅向深的矿层变化情况  相似文献   
9.
Removal of Lead,Copper,Zinc and Cadmium from Water Using Phosphate Rock   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Removal of Pb2 ,Cu~(2 ),Zn~(2 )and Cd~(2 )from aqueous solutions by sorption on a natural phosphate rock(FAP)was investigated.The effects of the contact time and initial metal concentration were examined in the batch method.The percentage sorption of heavy metals from solution ranges generally between 50% and 99%.The amount of sorbed metal ions follows the order Cu>Pb>Cd>Zn. Heavy metal immobilization was attributed to both surface complexation of metal ions on the surface of FAP grains and partial dissolution and precipitation of a heavy metal-containing phosphate.The very low desorption ratio of heavy metals further supports the effectiveness of FAP as an alternative and low-cost material to remove toxic Pb~(2 ),Cu~(2 ),Zn~(2 )and Cd~(2 )from polluted waters.  相似文献   
10.
Removal of Lead, Copper, Zinc and Cadmium from Water Using Phosphate Rock   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Removal of Pb^2+, Cu^2+, Zn^2+ and Cd^2+ from aqueous solutions by sorption on a natural phosphate rock (FAP) was investigated. The effects of the contact time and initial metal concentration were examined in the batch method. The percentage sorption of heavy metals from solution ranges generally between 50% and 99%. The amount of sorbed metal ions follows the order Cu〉Pb〉Cd〉Zn. Heavy metal immobilization was attributed to both surface complexation of metal ions on the surface of FAP grains and partial dissolution and precipitation of a heavy metal-containing phosphate. The very low desorption ratio of heavy metals further supports the effectiveness of FAP as an alternative and low-cost material to remove toxic Pb^2+, Cu^2+, Zn^2+ and Cd^2+ from polluted waters.  相似文献   
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