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1.
The deep structure background of earth medium for strong earthquakes occurrence in Yunnan area is discussed in this paper, by using the results on the study of the velocity structure, electrical conductivity structure, geothermal structure in the crust and upper mantle in Yunnan area. The results show that the occurrence of strong earthquakes in Yunnan region is obviously related to the deep medium and tectonic environment such as the existence of the high velocity zone in the upper crust, the low velocity zone or high electrical conductivity layer in the middle crust, local uplift in the upper mantle, high geothermal activity and deep and large fault, etc. The M6 large earthquakes could not take place at anywhere, they often occur at some regions which have a certain background in the deep medium structure. The activity of the earthquakes with magnitude of 5 or less is quite random, the occurrence of them have not the obvious background of the deep medium structure.  相似文献   
2.
IntroductionUsingarrival-timeofobservedearthquakewavestoinfertheinteriorvelocitystrUctUreoftheearthisthebaseworkofgeophysics.Thepreviousstudyappliedclassicalmethodshaveobtainedmanymeaningfulresults(Jeffreys,Bullen,1940;Haddon,Bullen,1969;Mizutani,Abe,1972),andtodaytheseresultsstillisthefoundationbywhichweunderstandtheeaFth.Inthelasttwentyyears,alongwiththedevelopmentofseismicobservationarray,inversiontheoryandthepowerfulcomputer,theinversionmethodsanddatausingtoexplorethestructureofEarth'S…  相似文献   
3.
IntroductionOnApril26,1990,anMs=7.0strongewthquakeoccurrednearTanggannofarminnerGonghebasin,QinghaiProvince.Aftertheevent,theSecondCrustalDeformationMonitoringCented,ChinaSeismologicalBureau,immediatelyconductedarelevelingsurveyalongthetwolinesacrosstheearthquakeregioninMayandJuneof1990,thereweretotally27levelingpoilltsreoccupied.Alongwiththelastpre-earthquakelevelingsurveyin1978,abigupliftwiththemaximum345mmatDH20aswellasasmallsubsidencewiththemaximum45.1mmatDH16havebeendetected(Figur…  相似文献   
4.
IntroductionGrounddisplacementhasacloserelationshipwiththefaultandtheearthquakesourceparameters.IfwecanfindthisrelationshipandinvertthedeformationtOdaterminetheseparameters,wewillbeabletounderstandtheseismicsourceprocessmorecorrectly.Therelationshipisgenerallybasedonfaultmovementmodels.Sofar,therearetwomodels:dislocationandcrack.Dislocationmodelisnamedmovemefltmodelsinceitdoesnottakestness-releaseintoaccount.Basedonthelawofforce-dislocationequivalence,thedisplacementfieldproducedonaninfinite…  相似文献   
5.
Following a new train of thinking, this paper has explored first the potential information in the ground resistivity data observed by the existing geoelectric observation system, investigated and proposed a new dimensionless geoelectric precursor factor, the degree of ground resistivity anisotropy, S, and studied the characteristics of dynamic evolution pattern of S during the seismogenic process. The results show that, during the seismogenic process, the degree of ground resistivity anisotropy (S) displays a process of 'normal' →'abnormal strengthening (amplitude, range)' →abnormal weakening' → 'earthquake occurrence'→ 'normal'. The earthquake would occur at the time when the S value has entered the late stage of strengthening and turns to weaken and in the gradient belt on the margin of S anomaly region. The dynamic evolution pattern of S reflects the changes of the tectonic stress field during the seismogenic process. Therefore, it would be possible to trace the process of earthquake generation and occurrence from the dynamic evolution pattern of S so as to service earthquake prediction.  相似文献   
6.
IntroductionThecrustaltectonicmovementisacomplicatedevolutionprocesswithtimeandspace.Spatially,themovementofcrustaltectoniciscloselyrelatedtotheinter-movementandinteractionofmulti-leveledcrustalblocksinacertainregionandtheirborderfaults.Temporally,themovementiscloselyrelatedtothatofmulti-leveledcrustalblocksandtimesequencedevelopmentofinteraction.Anearthquakeoccurrenceistheresultofsuddenruptureofcrustmediaundertheactionoftectonicstressfield,isalsoacomplicatedprocessinnercrust.Duetotheobviousi…  相似文献   
7.
IntroductionChinesemainlandliesinthesoutheastofEurasianPlateandisclampedbyindian,PacificandPhilippineSeaPlates.Besides,itislocatedatbetweenthetwobigseismicactivebeltsintheworldatthesametime.Differingfromtheshowoftwobigseismicbeltswhichhaveseismiczonaldistributionalongplateboundary,Chinesemainlandanditsperipheralareahaveapeculiarcharacter,expressingseismicallylargestrength,highfrequency,widedistribution,shallowfocus,seriousdamage,multiplestyles,extremelynonuniformspace-timedistributionandsoo…  相似文献   
8.
This thesis lists and describes 6 pairs of tectonic events, i.e., historical volcanic eruptions associated with historical strong earthquakes, based on the analysis for the records of historical volcanic eruptions and historical strong earthquakes in China and its adjacent region since the first record. And discusses the relationship between historical eruptions and strong earthquakes by means of analyzing the characteristics of tectonic events themselves, plate movement, regional seismicity, and regional stress environment in China and its adjacent region.  相似文献   
9.
IntroductionThesignificantefectofhighporepresurewithinafaultwasfirstproposedbytheAmericanscientistswhentheystudiedonthestresi...  相似文献   
10.
With the theory of subcritical crack growth, we can deduce the fundamental equation of regional seismicity acceleration model. Applying this model to intraplate earthquake regions, we select three earthquake subplates: North China Subplate, Chuan-Dian Block and Xinjiang Subplate, and divide the three subplates into seven researched regions by the difference of seismicity and tectonic conditions. With the modified equation given by Sornette and Sammis (1995), we analysis the seismicity of each region. To those strong earthquakes already occurred in these region, the model can give close fitting of magnitude and occurrence time, and the result in this article indicates that the seismicity acceleration model can also be used for describing the seismicity of intraplate. In the article, we give the magnitude and occurrence time of possible strong earthquakes in Shanxi, Ordos, Bole-Tuokexun, Ayinke-Wuqia earthquake regions. In the same subplate or block, the earthquake periods for each earthquake region are similar in time interval. The constant αin model can be used to describe the intensity of regional seismicity, and for the Chinese Mainland, α is 0.4 generally. To the seismicity in Taiwan and other regions with complex tectonic conditions, the model does not fit well at present.  相似文献   
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