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Dozens of >M5, hundreds of >M4, and much more >M3 aftershocks occurred after the 2008/05/12 Wenchuan earthquake, which were well recorded by permanent and portable seismic stations. After relocated with P arrival, the >M3 aftershocks show two trends of distribution, with most of the aftershocks located along the north-east strike consistent with Longmenshan fault system, yet there is a north-west trend around the epicenter. It seems that substantially more aftershocks occur in regions with crystalline bedrocks. Then we collected waveform data from National Digital Seismograph Network and regional seismograph network of China, and employed “Cut and Paste” method to obtain focal mechanisms and depths of the big aftershocks (M⩾5.6). While most of those aftershocks show thrust mechanism, there are some strike slip earthquakes in the northern-most end of the rupture. Focal mechanisms show that the events located on the southern part of central Beichuan-Yingxiu Fault (BY) are mainly thrust earthquakes, which is consistent with initial mechanism of the main shock rupture. In the north part the aftershocks along the BY are also dominated by thrust slip, which is quite different from the right slip rupture of the main shock. Around Qingchuan-Pingwu Fault, the focal mechanisms are dominated by right-slip rupture with large depths (∼18 km). So we suspected that in the north part the main shock might rupture on two faults: Beichuan Fault and Qingchuan-Pingwu Fault. The complex pattern of aftershock mechanisms argues for presence of a complicated fault system in the Longmenshan area. Supported by Knowledge Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. KZCX3-SW-153, KZCX2-YW-116-1), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 40604004), and National Basic Technology R & D Program (Grant No. 2006BAC01B02-01-02).  相似文献   
2.
Increasing eutrophication in the coastal seas of China from 1970 to 2050   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
We analyzed the potential for eutrophication in major seas around China: the Bohai Gulf, Yellow Sea and South China Sea. We model the riverine inputs of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and silica (Si) to coastal seas from 1970 to 2050. Between 1970 and 2000 dissolved N and P inputs to the three seas increased by a factor of 2–5. In contrast, inputs of particulate N and P and dissolved Si, decreased due to damming of rivers. Between 2000 and 2050, the total N and P inputs increase further by 30–200%. Sewage is the dominant source of dissolved N and P in the Bohai Gulf, while agriculture is the primary source in the other seas. In the future, the ratios of Si to N and P decrease, which increases the risk of harmful algal blooms. Sewage treatment may reduce this risk in the Bohai Gulf, and agricultural management in the other seas.  相似文献   
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INTRODUCTIONAs Intnns。c properlyd]ohs,Q value Is closely related to the physical cond。tlons(such aspressure,fluid saturalon,and v。scoslty,etc.).And generally speaking,the。e attenuation Is。resensitive to the vanatlon of physical conditions than the velocity does(Best et al,1994),therefor。asure。nt Of Q value Is very m叩oltantlnl4。m扣y expenments.There re删Ww幼sic*t。"theQ value,such as spectral rat。。(Toks6z et al,1979),resonance bar(Wyllie et al,1962),andst。ss-st。。n on…  相似文献   
4.
岩石非均匀性对超声衰减的影响及其修正   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
在充分考虑了岩石的非均匀性引起的Rayleigh散射对衰减测量值的影响后,通过有关理论和计算,将岩石的本征衰减和散射加以区分,对原先以均匀介质为基本假定的频谱比法进行了修正,改进后的频谱比法可在较宽的频率范围内进行Q值计算,避免了传统频谱比法在不同频段上得出不同的Q值的不确定性问题,同时,我们还引进并改进了频率移动法,我们将传统和改进的频谱比法,以及频率移动法应用于同一套实验数据,计算结果符合较好。  相似文献   
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