首页 | 官方网站   微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  国内免费   4篇
  收费全文   2篇
  完全免费   33篇
地球科学   39篇
  2017年   2篇
  2016年   1篇
  2015年   2篇
  2014年   1篇
  2012年   3篇
  2011年   5篇
  2010年   4篇
  2009年   6篇
  2008年   1篇
  2007年   2篇
  2006年   1篇
  2004年   3篇
  2002年   2篇
  2000年   1篇
  1999年   1篇
  1998年   2篇
  1996年   1篇
  1995年   1篇
排序方式: 共有39条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
I.INTRODUCTIONDroughtsandfloodsassociatedwiththemonsoonrainfalvariabilitycausefrequentlyseriousdamagestotheeconomy,agricultur...  相似文献   
2.
Recent advances in dynamical climate prediction at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IAP/CAS) during the last five years have been briefly described in this paper. Firstly,the second generation of the IAP dynamical climate prediction system (IAP DCP-II) has been described,and two sets of hindcast experiments of the summer rainfall anomalies over China for the periods of 1980-1994 with different versions of the IAP AGCM have been conducted. The comparison results show that the predictive skill of summer rainfall anomalies over China is improved with the improved IAP AGCM in which the surface albedo parameterization is modified. Furthermore, IAP DCP-II has been applied to the real-time prediction of summer rainfall anomalies over China since 1998, and the verification results show that IAP DCP-II can quite well capture the large scale patterns of the summer flood/drought situations over China during the last five years (1998-2002). Meanwhile, an investigation has demonstrated the importance of the atmospheric initial conditions on the seasonal climate prediction, along with studies on the influences from surface boundary conditions (e.g., land surface characteristics, sea surface temperature).Certain conclusions have been reached, such as, the initial atmospheric anomalies in spring may play an important role in the summer climate anomalies, and soil moisture anomalies in spring can also have a significant impact on the summer climate anomalies over East Asia. Finally, several practical techniques(e.g., ensemble technique, correction method, etc.), which lead to the increase of the prediction skill for summer rainfall anomalies over China, have also been illustrated. The paper concludes with a list of criticalre quirements needed for the further improvement of dynamical seasonal climate prediction.  相似文献   
3.
中国业务动力季节预报的进展   总被引:26,自引:6,他引:20       下载免费PDF全文
利用动力模式开展季节到年际的短期气候预测 ,是目前国际上气候预测的发展方向。自 1996年以来 ,经过 8a多的研制和发展 ,国家气候中心已建立起第 1代动力气候模式预测业务系统 ,其中包括 1个全球大气 海洋耦合模式 (CGCM )、1个高分辨率东亚区域气候模式 (RegCM_NCC)和 5个简化的ENSO预测模式 (SAOMS) ,可用于季节—年际时间尺度的全球气候预测 ;全球海气耦合模式与区域气候模式嵌套 ,可以提供高分辨率的东亚区域气候模式制做季节预测。CGCM对 1982~ 2 0 0 0年夏季的历史回报试验表明 ,该模式对热带太平洋海表面温度和东亚区域的季节预测具有较好的预测能力。RegCM NCC的 5a模拟基本上能再现东亚地区主要雨带的季节进展。利用嵌套的区域气候模式RegCM NCC对 1991~ 2 0 0 0年的夏季回报表明 ,在预报主要季节雨带方面有一定技巧。 2 0 0 1~ 2 0 0 3年 ,CGCM和RegCM NCC的实时季节预报与观测相比基本合理。特别是 ,模式成功地预报了 2 0 0 3年梅雨季节长江和黄河之间比常年偏多的降水。SAOMS模式系统的回报试验表明 ,该系统对热带太平洋海表面温度距平有一定的预报能力 ,模式超前 6~ 12个月的回报与观测的相关系数明显高于持续预报。 1997~ 2 0 0 3年 ,SAOMS多模式集合实时预报与观测的相关系数达到  相似文献   
4.
文中利用一个全球大气 海洋耦合模式 ,对中国汛期气候异常进行了 1991~ 2 0 0 1年共 11a的跨季度回报试验和检验研究。采用一套多指标的评估方法 ,对该模式的预报性能进行系统的定量评估。结果表明 ,该模式对中国汛期降水和温度及夏季北半球大尺度环流场等都有一定的跨季度预报能力。模式对中国不同区域夏季降水的预测能力有所不同。总的来说 ,模式对中国东部和西部的降水趋势回报较好 ,模式预报好于气候预报和持续性预报。从相关系数指标来看 ,模式跨季度预测夏季温度的技巧在中国西部比中国东部高。  相似文献   
5.
徐群 《气象科学》2000,21(3):302-308
本文总结了作者近40年在季度天气趋势预报研究与实践的历程和主要进展。六十年代提出并利用中高纬和低纬前期大气环流特征与夏季江淮流域旱涝趋势的隔季遥联制作预报,80年代补进一步考虑外在因子影响改进为“前期物理成因综合相似法”:1968~87这20年长江中下游夏季旱涝趋势预报取得较好成绩。随后的预报实践表明,因全球气候异常增长,预报难度有所增大。1995年开始建立一种短期气候系统多变因子的物理一统计预报  相似文献   
6.
利用全球环流模式进行我国汛期短期气候预测的试验   总被引:10,自引:2,他引:8       下载免费PDF全文
利用OSU/NCC全球大气环流模式耦合全球混合层海洋与海冰模式,采用集合预报的方法,对中国汛期降水进行了1982~1995 年共14 年的跨季度综合性回报检验研究.结果表明,该模式对我国汛期降水具有一定的跨季度预报能力,对部分地区(江淮至华东沿海、东北部分地区等)有较强的预报能力.  相似文献   
7.
It has been shown by the observed data that during the early 1990’s, the severe disastrous climate occurred in East Asia. In the summer of 1991, severe flood occurred in the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River basin of China and in South Korea, and it also appeared in South Korea in the summer of 1993. However, in the summer of 1994, a dry and hot summer was caused in the Huaihe River basin of China and in R. O. K.. In order to investigate the seasonal predictability of the summer droughts and floods during the early l990’s in East Asia, the seasonal prediction experiments of the summer droughts and floods in the summers of 1991-1994 in East Asia have been made by using the Institute of Atmospheric Physics-Two-Level General Circulation Model (IAP-L2 AGCM), the IAP-Atmosphere/Ocean Coupled Model (IAP-CGCM) and the IAP-L2 AGCM in?cluding a filtering scheme, respectively. Compared with the observational facts, it is shown that the IAP-L2 AGCM or IAP-CGCM has some predictability for the summer droughts and floods during the early 1990’s in East Asia, es?pecially for the severe droughts and floods in China and R. O, K.. In this study, a filtering scheme is used to improve the seasonal prediction experiments of the summer droughts and floods during the early 1990’s in East Asia. The predicted results show that the filtering scheme to remain the planetary-scale disturbances is an effective method for the improvement of the seasonal prediction of the summer droughts and floods in East Asia.  相似文献   
8.
Xu Qun 《大气科学进展》1995,12(2):215-224
AnalysisofCausesandSeasonalPredictionoftheSevereFloodsinYangtze/HuaiheBasinsduringSummer1991XuQun(徐群)(JiangsuMeteorologicalin...  相似文献   
9.
A Correction Method Suitable for Dynamical Seasonal Prediction   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8       下载免费PDF全文
Based on the hindcast results of summer rainfall anomalies over China for the period 1981–2000 by the Dynamical Climate Prediction System (IAP-DCP) developed by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, a correction method that can account for the dependence of model’s systematic biases on SST anomalies is proposed. It is shown that this correction method can improve the hindcast skill of the IAP-DCP for summer rainfall anomalies over China, especially in western China and southeast China, which may imply its potential application to real-time seasonal prediction.  相似文献   
10.
China is a monsoon country.The most rainfalls in China concentrate on the summer seasons.More frequent floods or droughts occur in some parts of China.Therefore,the prediction of summer rainfall in China is a significant issue.As we know,the obvious impacts of the sea surface temperature anomalies(SSTA)on the summer rainfall over China have been noticed.The predictions of the SSTA have been involved in the research.The key project on short-term climate modeling prediction system has been finished in 2000.The system included an atmospheric general circulation model named AGCM95,a coupled atmospheric-oceanic general circulation model named AOGCM95,a regional climate model over China named RegCM95,a high-resolution Indian-Pacific OGCM named IPOGCM95,and a simplified atmosphere-ocean dynamic model system named SAOMS95.They became the operational prediction models of National Climate Center(NCC).Extra-seasonal predictions in 2001 have been conducted by several climate models,which were the AGCM95,AOGCM95,RegCM95,IPOGCM95,AIPOGCM95,OSU/NCC,SAOMS95,IAP APOGCM and CAMS/ZS.All of those models predicted the summer precipitation over China and/or the annual SSTA over the tropical Pacific Ocean in the Modeling Prediction Workshop held in March 2001.The assessments have shown that the most models predicted the distributions of main rain belt over Huanan and parts of Jiangnan and droughts over Huabei-Hetao and Huaihe River Valley reasonably.The most models predicted successfully that a weaker cold phase of the SSTA over the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean would continue in 2001.The evaluations of extra-seasonal predictions have also indicated that the models had a certain capability of predicting the SSTA over the tropical Pacific Ocean and the summer rainfall over China.The assessment also showed that multi-model ensemble(super ensembles)predictions provided the better forecasts for both SSTA and summer rainfall in 2001,compared with the single model.It is a preliminary assessment for the extra-seasonal predictions by the climate models.The further investigations will be carried out.The model system should be developed and improved.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司    京ICP备09084417号