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1.
In this paper, a 5-level spectral AGCM is used to examine the sensitivity of simulated East Asian summer monsoon circulation and rainfall to cumulus parameterization schemes. From the simulated results of East Asian monsoon circulations and rainfalls during the summers of 1987 and 1995, it is shown that the Kuo’s convective parameterization scheme is more suitable for the numerical simulation of East Asian summer monsoon rainfall and circulation. This may be due to that the cumulus in the rainfall system is not strong in the East Asian monsoon region. This paper is supported by the National Key Progranmme “96-908”.  相似文献   
2.
利用区域环境集成系统模式RIEMS选择Kuo-anthes(KA)和Grell(GCC)积云对流参数化方案,进行1991年5~8月敏感性试验,重点考察了区域环境集成系统模式中两种积云对流参数化方案对1991年江淮流域持续性暴雨的模拟能力.结果表明:1)对于200 hPa西风急流的位置和强度来说,采用GCC积云对流参数化方案较采用KA对流参数化方案,RIEMS模式模拟的结果更加接近观测;2)不管模式采用哪种参数化方案,RIEMS模式都能模拟出850 hPa上的水汽输送和流场,但模式模拟的水汽输送都比观测强;3)不管是采用GCC方案还是KA方案RIEMS模式基本上能够模拟出平均气温的空间分布,但对于长江以南地区,模式模拟的温度较观测偏低,对长江以北地区模式模拟的温度偏高.而采用GCC方案模式模拟的温度更加接近观测,并且对大部分地区温度偏差在-1.65~1.5℃;4)对于降水来说,采用GCC方案模式能够较好地模拟降水的空间分布特征以及雨带季节性移动,但模拟的雨带较观测的偏北,大约为1~2纬度.尽管GCC积云对流参数化方案在RIEMS模式中模拟中国地区降水更加接近观测,但由于积云对流参数化在不同水平分辨率下影响模式模拟的效果,因此对利用RIEMS模式进行数值模拟应考虑不同水平分辨下积云对流参数化方案的适用范围.  相似文献   
3.
A modified cumulus parameterization scheme, suitable for use in a seasonal forecast model, is presented. This parameterization scheme is an improvement of the mass flux convection scheme developed by Gregory and Rowntree (1989; 1990). This convection scheme uses a “bulk” cloud model to present an ensemble of convective clouds, and aims to represent shallow, deep, and mid-level convection. At present,this convection scheme is employed in the NCC T63L20 model (National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration). Simulation results with this scheme have revealed some deficiencies in the scheme,although to some extent, it improves the accuracy of the simulation. In order to alleviate the deficiencies and reflect the effect of cumulus convection in the actual atmosphere, the scheme is modified and improved.The improvements include (i) the full estimation of the effects of the large-scale convergence in the lower layer upon cumulus convection, (ii) the revision of the initial convective mass flux, and (iii) the regulation of convective-scale downdrafts. A comparison of the results obtained by using the original model and the modified one shows that the improvement and modification of the original convection scheme is successful in simulating the precipitation and general circulation field, because the modified scheme provides a good simulation of the main features of seasonal precipitation in China, and an analysis of the anomaly correlation eoetfieient between the simulation and the observations confirms the improved results.  相似文献   
4.
华南中尺度暴雨数值预报的不确定性与集合预报试验   总被引:37,自引:0,他引:37       下载免费PDF全文
陈静  薛纪善  颜宏 《气象学报》2003,61(4):432-446
利用非静力MM5模式,分析了不同积云对流参数化方案对华南暖区暴雨数值预报的不确定性影响,进行了中尺度暴雨模式扰动集合预报试验。不同对流参数化方案的对流凝结加热引起不同的局地温度扰动,通过大气内部的热力动力过程,导致垂直速度的差异,进而影响网格尺度和次网格尺度降水时间、地点和强度。后续降水再通过凝结潜热释放形成新的扰动源。不同积云对流参数化方案还可引起扰动源能量传播方式不同,最终使模拟大气的动力和热力结构有差异。针对物理过程的不确定性,使用两种模式扰动方法构造集合预报扰动模式,第一种方法是随机组合不同积云对流参数化方案和边界层方案,第二种方法是扰动Grell积云对流参数化方案中主要参数振幅。集合预报结果表明,第一种方法的集合预报效果优于第二种方法,仅扰动参数振幅值似乎还不足以反映华南暴雨预报的不确定性。单一的确定性预报在暴雨落区和强度方面的可信度不稳定,集合产品能给华南暴雨过程提供更有用价值的指导预报,具有较高的应用价值。  相似文献   
5.
水汽场初值调整及其对华南降水预报贡献的研究   总被引:6,自引:2,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
该文利用GMS多通道气象卫星资料推导得到的降水资料估算出的加热率,作为非绝热的非线性正规模初始化过程中的非绝热强迫项,进行风压场的初值调整,再采用一个与模式中的对流参数化方案相反的逆运算方案,进行水汽场的初值调整,以保证初始时刻按模式的物理参数化方案计算得到的加热率与由卫星推导的加热率一致。这一方法在非绝热的非线性正规模初值化的框架中,使初始时刻的水汽场得到调整,既实现了传统的初始化目标,又提出了  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, a 5-level spectral AGCM is used to examine the sensitivity of simulated East Asian summer mon-soon circulation and rainfall to cumulus parameterization schemes. From the simulated results of East Asian mon-soon circulations and rainfalls during the summers of 1987 and 1995, it is shown that the Kuo’s convective parameterization scheme is more suitable for the numerical simulation of East Asian summer monsoon rainfall and circulation. This may be due to that the cumulus in the rainfall system is not strong in the East Asian monsoon region.  相似文献   
7.
In the context of non-hydrostatic MM5 version we have explored the impact of convective parameterization schemes on uncertainty in mesoscale numerical prediction of South China heavy rain and mesoscale heavy rainfall short-range ensemble simulation by using two kinds of physics perturbation methods through a heavy rain case occurring on June 8, 1998 in Guangdong and Fujian Provinces. The results show the physical process of impacts of convective schemes on heavy rainfall is that different latent heat of convective condensation produced by different convective schemes can make local temperature perturbation, leading to the difference of local vertical speed by the intrinsic dynamic and thermodynamic processes of atmosphere,and therefore, making difference of the timing, locations and strength of mesh scale and subgrid scale precipitation later. New precipitations become the new source of latent heat and temperature perturbation,which finally make the dynamic and thermodynamic structures different in the simulations. Two kinds of methods are used to construct different model version stochastically. The first one is using different convective parameterization and planetary boundary layer schemes, the second is adjusting different parameters of convective trigger functions in Grell scheme. The results indicate that the first ensemble simulations can provide more uncertainty information of location and strength of heavy rainfall than the second. The single determinate predictions of heavy rain are unstable; physics ensemble predictions can reflect the uncertainty of heavy rain, provide more useful guidance and have higher application value.Physics ensembles suggest that model errors should be taken into consideration in the heavy rainfall ensembles. Although the method of using different parameters in Grell scheme could not produce good results, how to construct the perturbation model or adjust the parameter in one scheme according to the physical meaning of the parameter still needs further investigation. The limitation of the current study is that it is based on a single case and more cases will be addressed in the future researches.  相似文献   
8.
This study discusses the sensitivity of convective parameterization schemes(CPSs) in the Regional Climate Model(version 4.3)(Reg CM4.3) over East/South Asia. The simulations using different CPSs in Reg CM are compared to discover a suitable scheme for this region, as the performance of different schemes is greatly influenced by region and seasonality. Over Southeast China and the Bay of Bengal, the Grell scheme exhibits the lowest RMSEs of summer precipitation compared to observed data. Moreover, the Emanuel over land and Grell over ocean(ELGO) scheme enhances the simulation, in comparison with any single CPS(Grell/Emanuel) over Western Ghats, Sri Lanka, and Southeast India. Over the Huang–Huai–Hai Plain(3H) and Tibetan Plateau(TP) regions of China, the Tiedtke scheme simulates the more reasonable summer precipitation with high correlation coefficient and comparable amplitude. Especially, it reproduces a minimum convective precipitation bias of 8 mm d-1and the lowest RMSEs throughout the year over East/South Asia. Furthermore, for seasonal variation of precipitation, the Tiedtke scheme results are closer to the observed data over the 3H and TP regions. However, none of the CPSs is able to simulate the seasonal variation over North Pakistan(NP). In comparison with previous research, the results of this study support the Grell scheme over South Asia. However, the Tiedtke scheme shows superiority for the 3H, TP and NP regions. The thicker PBL, less surface latent heat flux, the unique ability of deep convection and the entrainment process in the Tiedtke scheme are responsible for reducing the wet bias.  相似文献   
9.
基于中国科学院大气物理所大气环流模式IAP AGCM4.0总共30年(1979~2008年)的AMIP(大气环流模式比较计划)数值模拟试验结果,评估了模式对东亚高空副热带西风急流的模拟能力,分析了模式模拟偏差的可能原因,以及不同对流参数化方案对模拟结果的影响。结果表明,IAP AGCM4.0可以较好地模拟出东亚高空副热带西风急流冬季和夏季的空间结构及其季节变化特征;与JRA-25再分析资料相比,模式模拟的急流强度总体偏弱;就急流位置而言,模式模拟的急流位置冬季略偏南,夏季则相对偏北;模式可以较好地模拟出夏季西风急流的季节内演变特征,包括夏季西风急流位置逐月北跳的特征,只是模式模拟的逐月西风急流位置仍偏北。夏季200 hPa纬向风EOF分解结果表明,模式模拟和再分析资料的EOF第一模态空间型态较为接近,均反映了西风急流的年际变化特征,但两者的时间系数相关较小,表明模式对西风急流南北位置年际变化的模拟偏差较大。针对模式模拟的地表感热通量及对流层中上层经向温度差(MTD)的分析结果表明,模式对阿拉伯半岛东南部、阿拉伯海西北部及印度北部的地表感热通量的模拟存在偏差,影响到对流层中高层温度场、高度场的模拟,使得IAP AGCM4.0模拟的MTD强度较再分析资料相对偏弱,MTD变化最大的区域位置相对偏北,且模式模拟的MTD年际变化与再分析资料相比也有较大偏差,从而造成模式对西风急流模拟的偏差。此外,不同积云对流参数化方案也可影响对流层中上层经向温度差的模拟,进而影响模式对东亚高空副热带西风急流的模拟。  相似文献   
10.
An integrated vertical-slantwise convective parameterization scheme, based on the vertical Kuo-Anthes and the slantwise Nordeng convective parameterization schemes, is introduced into the MM5 model. By employing the MM5 model with the proposed scheme, numerical simulations of a snowstorm event that occurred over southern China on 28-29 January 2008 and of Typhoon Haitang (2005) are conducted. The results indicate that during the snowstorm event, the atmosphere was convectively stable in the vertical directi...  相似文献   
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